“When an idea is brought out in a literary work […] it is often given the name theme. This word refers to something laid down, a postulate, a central or unifying idea. Loosely, the theme of a work and its major idea or central idea may be considered as synonyms” (Jacobs and Roberts 363). Idea and theme are synonyms and to find the theme of a story, we must look at statements made by the characters, figurative language used, characters representative of ideas, and direct and dramatic statements (Jacobs and Roberts 366-367). In doing this we can examine the meanings the author of the work has left for us to discover. So when we talk or write about the themes of the Harlem Renaissance, we turn to writers like Langston Hughes, for guidance.